Rising Tensions, What Does It Mean for Investors?

Unfortunately, our forecast over the past couple of years for increased geopolitical tensions is coming true. We have stated a number of times that when ruling governments are in dire financial shape, the politicians realize that they have no solution to solve the financial problems, so they often look for diversions to take the focus away from them.
Certainly Russian President Putin has been a master of these diversions, first invading Ukraine & now with his move in Syria. We are also very suspicious of why Turkey shot down a lone Russian jet. Seriously, there is no way they would have thought that if Russia wanted to attack them, Russia would only send one jet.
Turkey is in horrible shape financially, so we have to wonder if they want to use this incident to unite the people against Russia & divert their attention away from their domestic problems. As more & more countries fall deeper in debt, watch for more of these provocations against other foreign countries.
These polit…

What Is an Investment?

One of the reasons many people fail, even very woefully, in the game of investing is that they play it without understanding the rules that regulate it. It is an obvious truth that you cannot win a game if you violate its rules. However, you must know the rules before you will be able to avoid violating them. Another reason people fail in investing is that they play the game without understanding what it is all about. This is why it is important to unmask the meaning of the term, 'investment'. What is an investment? An investment is an income-generating valuable. It is very important that you take note of every word in the definition because they are important in understanding the real meaning of investment.
From the definition above, there are two key features of an investment. Every possession, belonging or property (of yours) must satisfy both conditions before it can qualify to become (or be called) an investment. Otherwise, it will be something other than an investment. Th…

An Automated Investment Advisor Helps Maintain Investment Goals

The advent of the automated investment advisor has made establishing a long-term financial plan easier and more accessible to a growing number of investors who want to have the ability of setting a program and staying on track. These systems can offer the user tools and advice that can let both the experienced investor and the novice maximize the opportunities that exist both in the short term and for future goals.
Providing professional guidance, sophisticated trading tools, and projections, these computerized systems-often known as "robo-advisors"- can be fully programmable to conduct trades or changes in the portfolio. Some variations allow for the user to "self-execute" trades or to have a human advisor guide the transactions.
How These Systems Function
One question that potential customers ask is: How does an automated investment advisor work? To begin with, these programs utilize mathematical algorithms to help establish a portfolio tailored to meet certain leve…

The amount of revenue that the UK Government derives from Inheritance Tax is growing all the time with significantly more estates being liable to the Tax. If your estate is worth more than £325,000, your beneficiaries will be liable to pay a 40% taxation on the entire amount above that threshold.

As the Government becomes aware of the growing value of this tax, they are focusing more on removing options open to people to reduce this burden. Examples of this are the recent changes to trust legislation.

There are never the less a number of ways in which you can reduce the impact of IHT and it is worth trying to take advantage of as many of them as you can, to ensure you pass on as much of your estate as possible.

Small Tax Relief Measures

Gifting it away

One of the easiest ways to start minimising your tax burden is by giving away gifts to your loved ones during your lifetime. There are a number of gifts that you can make without incurring a tax liability. You are able to make as many small gifts of less than £250 as you like and in addition you can gift a further £3,000 per annum. You can also make unlimited gifts to certain organisations such as charities or political parties.

If you make larger gifts these may either be a chargeable life time transfer if the gift is to a discretionary trust or a potentially exempt transfer (PET). If the gift is a PET then there will be no tax liability providing you survive for at least 7 years from the date of the gift, however, if you die within 7 years, initially the gift will reduce your nil rate band. If the gifts in aggregate exceeded the Nil Rate Band, the excess may be subject to taper relief.

Taper relief has the effect of reduce the amount of tax payable if you die between 3 and 7 years after the gift is given. If you pass away 7 years or longer after the gift was given, the recipient and your estate do not pay IHT on the gift. Any gifts made within 3 years of your death will be subject to a 100% tax liability; however this taxable amount reduces from year 4 to year 7,translating to between 80% and 20% tax liability. Furthermore, any gifts of any value given to your spouse or civil partner are not subject to IHT.

There are other gifting allowances which include wedding gifts to your children, grandchildren or anyone else of £5,000, £2,500, and £1,000 without paying IHT. You can also give £250 to as many individuals as you want in a year without paying IHT, as long as those individuals do not fall within another exemption.


You can also endow or gift a charity, museum, university or community amateur sports club with any size gift as these are also IHT free. In fact, if you gift up to 10% of your estate, you can qualify for a 4% reduction in IHT.

Political Support

Gifts to a political party are exempt from tax as long as the party has 2 members in the House or 1 member and at least 150,000 votes in the previous general election.

Primary Residence

Your primary residence, if gifted to your spouse, is tax free. Gifted to anyone else, however, it is subject to the 7 year gift rule. However starting in 2017, £100,000 of the value of the home will be considered tax free within the calculations of the state. This amount increases to £175,000 in 2020 and follows the consumer price index thereafter. This increased benefit is gradually withdrawn for estates worth more than £2m.

The saying "you cannot take it with you" is one that is relevant when it comes to the burden of IHT. Giving away your estate is a selfless act and may enable you to bring your estate to a level below the threshold of tax. However, if you want other alternatives or have a much larger estate to provide for your spouse or children, there are two more favourable options.

Business IHT Relief

The first of the two is a direct Business relief which amounts to 50% or 100% IHT relief. Your estate can claim a 100% business relief from IHT on any unlisted company you own or have shares in. A listed business can result in a 50% relief if you control more than 50% of the outstanding voting shares. Your estate could also receive 50% relief for business-related land, buildings or machinery that you owned or that were held in a trust that benefitted the business. However ownership in investment companies, realty companies, non-profits or a business being sold or wound up do not qualify for relief.

Enterprise Investment Schemes (EIS)and Business Relief

One the best ways to mitigate your tax liability is to invest in an EIS or SEIS. Not only do you reduce the impact of IHT but you also get relief against income tax as well as your capital gains taxes on EIS qualifying shares. EIS is an Enterprise Investment Scheme, which encourages investment in small and medium sized trading companies that would otherwise find it difficult to raise capital funding through regular channels.

These shares must be ordinary shares without preferential rights upon winding up of the company, but you can invest an unlimited amount, saving up to £300,000 income tax in any given yearsubject to the limit of 30% income tax relief against the amount of your investment. This is an amazing tax liability mitigation tool. Not only do you receive a tax savings on your annual income but you can also receive 100% IHT relief as long as you have held the investment for a minimum of 2 years at the time of death. You can defer a Capital Gains Tax Liability into an EIS and if you still own the shares when you die, you will never have to pay the Capital Gains Tax.

In order to qualify for the EIS you must not own more than 30% of the shares of a company or be employed by that company. You must also pay for the shares in total to receive the benefits.

Start planning to mitigate your IHT risk by actively gifting parts of your estate and investing in a quality EIS.

Ten IHT Takeaways

1. IHT Tax in the UK is 40% of the estate over £325,000.

2. Primary Residences are exempt from Inheritance Tax on the first £100,000 starting in 2017.

3. Gifts over £3,000 are subject to IHT Tax if they were made within 7 years of a person's death.

4. Over £3 Billion is collected in IHT annually; this rose by 25% over the last 4 years due, in most part, to rising house prices.

5. Estates passed to a spouse are not subject to IHT, but will be subject to IHT when the spouse (the original holder of the estate) passes away.

6. Shares in unlisted companies that you own or control qualify for 100% IHT relief after 2 years of ownership.

7. Listed companies that you own a controlling stake of voting shares are only eligible for a 50% IHT reduction.

8. EIS provides 100% IHT relief after only 2 years of holding the shares.

9. EIS provides a 30% income tax relief in addition to the IHT relief.

10. Profits from the sale of EIS qualifying shares benefit from 100% capital gains tax relief if you also elected to take the Income tax relief on the shares.
writer and blogger, founder of investings .

جديد قسم : Tax

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